The Earth will run out of Freshwater in 18 years

view+of+Earth+from+Apollo+11+by+Apollo+Image+Gallery+is+marked+with+CC+PDM+1.0

“view of Earth from Apollo 11” by Apollo Image Gallery is marked with CC PDM 1.0

Giselle Navarrete

The world runs on water, its vital for industry, energy production, and agriculture its also
needed by humans for hygiene and hydration. “There will be no water by 2040 if we keep doing
what we’re doing today”. – Professor Benjamin Sovacool, Aarhus University, Denmark. Water
covers about 71% of earth but we only have 3% of fresh consumable water. “Salt water is 97%
of all water and is found mostly in our oceans and seas. Fresh water is found in glaciers,
lakes, reservoirs, ponds, rivers, streams, wetlands and even groundwater.” Although we
have 3% of earths consumable water only .5% of it is available to us due to the fact the rest
is found in soil, atmosphere, glaciers, polar ice caps, or polluted.
“As many as 3.5billion people can experience water scarcity by 2025.”
Where do we find water you may ask. Groundwater is a main source of freshwater;
this water infiltrates into the ground through porous materials deeper into the earth. It fills
pores and fractures in layers of underground rock called aquifers. Some of this water lies
too far under the earth’s surface to be extracted at an affordable cost. Another source is
surface water, surface water is precipitation that does not infiltrate into the ground or return
to the atmosphere. We can also get freshwater from snow, the snow has to be 4 inches
deep.
“Americans use about 1/3 more water in the summer than they do the rest of the year
because they’re watering their lawns.”
How can you save water? You can save water by installing water efficient fixtures and
appliances. Or if you can’t find any you can try taking shorter showers, close Taps Properly and
Fix Leaking Taps, Pipes & Toilets, turn off the tap when brushing teeth, turn off the tap when
washing anything at all. There are also ways to recycle water by using extra water you have
when boiling water for tea or coffee and giving the extra water to trees and plants. If people
don’t stop wasting water the water on earth will run out faster than 18 years.
To learn more about the freshwater on earth you can visit these sources down below.
https://www.theworldcounts.com/challenges/planet-earth/freshwater/when-will-the-world-runout-of-water/story
https://www.worldwildlife.org/industries/freshwater-systems
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/global-warming-overview
https://www.watereducation.org/product/water-facts-card-english